Kalika Mata Temple
The temple of Kalikamata which is located on the summit of Pavagadh. It has been described in the drama "Gangadas Pratap Vilasa Natakam" written during the 15th century A.D. A yantra representing the deity is still worshiped here.
The temple is one of the principal seats of the mother goddess in Gujarat.According to legend,it is said that the temple stands on the spot where the right toe of goddess Kalikamata fell. While Lakulisa has been described as Bhairav of the deity.Kalika was the family deity or the principal deity of the Chauhan rulers of Pavagadh.
The Lakulisa Temple was erected on a peninsula protruding in to the Chasia talao. Dedication of the temple is identified with the central deity on the lintel of its entrance. It comprises of garbhagriha, antarala, mandpa and an entrance porch as horizontal components. But only parts of the superstructures have survived. The surviving structural remains of this fine temple are its base with heavy mouldings, the jangha despicted with fine sculptures and partial superstructures. The Jangha have pilasters with beautiful figures of divine beings,among which the figures of Brahma, Vishnu,Kalyanasundara Murti,Dakshina Murti,Gajendra Moksh,Indra,seated Ambika,Surasundaris etc.are noteworthy.Eight beautifully carved pillars of the mandapa have Kichak(load bearers)as their capital,supporting the octagonal frame of the hemispherical ceiling.The lintel of the mandapa entrance has an image of Lakulisa,which is unique.
Lakulisa was an ardent devotee of Siva.He lived in the second century A.D.and was an inhabitant of Karwan(ancient Kayavrohana)in Vadodara district of Gujarat.He was associated with the development of Pasupata cult of Saivas.
Gujarat is one of the most important centres of Jainism in western India. Some of the important Jain temples are located on Girnar mount,Shatrunjaya mount and Pavagadh mount.The Jain temples at pavagadh belong to Digambar sect and distributed in three groups.Digambar sect was very powerful in Gujarat but the Shvethambar sect also coexisted. The Rushbhanath temple near the Takorkhana gate,is located in the old compound.It has the remains of old floor while the Parsavanath Temple at Dudhiya talao is left only with tell tale sings of its existence.The temple of Chandraprabha has undergone extensive repairs in due course of time.
The most imposing moument in Champaner-Pavagadh is Jami Masjid,located just outside the royal enclosure at Champaner.This gigantic structure is classified architecturally as one of the finest mosques of Gujarat by Fergusson.It is a perfect amalgamation of Indo-Islamic architecture.The mosque is raised on a high plinth and can be entered through there imposing porches from the north,south and east side.The last is most remarkable for its intricate carving and perforated stone screen work.It occupies a total area of about 66m by 55m.
Sat kaman forms the end of Sadan Shah gate right up next to the Budhiya Darwaja.It is located on the edge of the cliff on the south from where military personnel could view the entire expanse of the land below.It is built in local yellow sandstone.The bastion is now left with seven arches.The arches are used in radial pattern to support the supersturcture.
Nagina Masjid is a huge structure built on a high plinth. The Mosque has three mihrabs and the central arch of the prayer hall is flanked with minarets on either side. The surviving lower portions of the minarets are carved artistically and the niches are filled with floral designs. There are three domes and ten cupolas supported on eighty decorative columns.
Kevda Masjid, is rectangular on plan, with a double storied main prayer hall. The minarets on either side of the central arched entrance are beautifully carved and niches are filled with floral and geometrical designs. The windows provided with balcony are exquisitely decorated. The central dome has collapsed due vagaries of tim gigantic structure is classified architecturally as one of the finest mosque of Gujarat by Fergusson. It is a perfect amalgamation of Indo-Islamic architecture. The mosque is raised on a high plinth and can be entered through there imposing porches from the north, south and east side. The last is most remarkable for its intricate carving and perforated stone screen work. It occupies a total area of about 66m by 55m.
Shahar-Ki-Majid, the private mosque for the royal family, has five mihrabs. The mosque is constructed on a raised plinth and the central arched entrance is flanked by two minarets. It is covered by projecting slopped eave. Two side entrance to the prayer hall are flanked by jharokhas. Corresponding to each arched entry is a large dome, surrounded on all its four sides by cupolas.
Ek-Minar-Ki-Masjid is survived with only one minarets and the remnants of mihrabs, rest of the structures are missing. The minarets is of five storeys. The lower most is square, the first eight sided, the second and third sixteen sided and the topmost absolutely circular. It was constructed by Bahadur Shah(A.D. 1526-35). The mosque complex has a well and a tank for ablutions.